Imaging Anyons with Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

We combine analytical calculations with numerical simulations to demonstrate that an STM could visualize the structure of interacting electronic states of FQH states. Spectroscopy mapping with the STM near individual impurity defects can be used to image fractional statistics in FQH states, identifying unique signatures in such measurements that can distinguish different proposed ground states. The presence of locally trapped anyons should leave distinct signatures in STM spectroscopic maps, and enables a new approach to directly detect and manipulate these exotic quasiparticles.

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